Italian Cartographic terms

DICTIONARY OF ITALIAN CARTOGRAPHIC TERMS

Italian cartographic terms and abbreviations as found on Istituto geografico militare maps.

The common abbreviations used on maps of Italy for the scales of 1:25000 and 1:50000 with the addition of specific symbols used on old Istituto Geografico Militare maps.

Abbreviations, Complete forms and English forms.

a doppio transito: Two lane (road)

a forza idraulica: By water power

a scartamento ridotto: Narrow gauge (railway)

a semplice transito: Single lane road

a trazione electtrica: Electric traction (railway)

autostrada: Motorway

a vapore: Steam driven (factory etc.)

a vapore con fumaiolo: Steam driven with chimney, or stack

Abeti: Fir trees- larch use the same symbol on old IGM maps

Acquedotti: Aquaducts (not necessarily overground)

aero motore: Wind turbine, tower wind generators, or pumps.

agrumi: Citrus trees, oranges, lemons, limes etc.

A.; A.i Alp-e; -i: The Alps

altop.o altipiano/altopiano: Plateau; high lands, table lands

arcip.go, arcip.hi, arcipelag-o, -hi: Archipelago, island group, skerries

b., baia: Bay; gulf

b.o, b.i bosc-o, -hi: Wood land, forest, copses

b.co; b.chi banc-o; -hi: bank, slope, side

b.go,  borgo: Village; suburb; little town, hamlet

campestre: Rural, countryside (of a track or road)

c.o,  capo: Cape; point, promontory, headland 

capolinea: Terminus station

carreggiabile: Driveable (wagon?)

carrettabile: Passable with a carriage

cascata: Waterfall, force

Clo., Casello: Linesman’s hut, permanent way hut.(on railways)

castagni: Chestnut trees, presumably sweet chestnuts.

cast.o, cast.i castell-o; -i: Castle

c.va. cava: Quarry

cedui: Cedar trees

centr.e,  centr.i, central-e; -i: Central; middle

ch.sa, chiesa: Church

cimitero: Cemetery

cipressi: Cypress trees

c.le, colle: Pass, hause, dore

Cle, Colle: Fell, hill, or sometimes a pass.

c.le, c.li coll-e, -i: Hill, fell

coll.a, coll.e, collin-, -e: Knoll, low fell, modest hill or fell:

con manutenzione regolare: Regularly maintained (road)

Comunicazione secondaria: Minor road

con muri: With walls ( road)

c.ma, c.me cim-a, -e: Peak, summit, top

com.e, com.i, comun-e, -i : Commune, municipal parish

c.po, c-pi, camp-o, -i: Field, grazing land

croce isolata: Isolated cross

di ferro: Made of iron (often a bridge)

di legno: Made of wood (often a bridge)

diruti: Abandoned, falling down, crumbling, ruined

d.e dorsale: Ridge, edge

dol.na, dolina: Sink-hole, pothole

faggi: Beech trees

fanale: Coastal light, not a lighthouse

faro: Lighthouse

ferovia: Railway

ferovia a due binari: Double track railway

f.e forte: Fort, bastion

f., f.mi, fium-e, -i; Larger river

fondo naturale (strada): Un made-up road, unmetalled road.

for.a, foresta: wood; forest (original implication- hunting)

Forn, Fornace: Kiln sites, furnace

f.te, fonte: Spring; well, source, keld

font., Fontana, Fonte: Fountain, spring.

funicolare: Funicular: steep railway using a cogged rail.

gall.a, galleria: Tunnel (usually on a railway)

g. golfo: Bay; gulf

gh.io; gh.i ghiaccia-io, -i : Glacier

gr. gran, gr.de, gr.di grand-e; -i: Big; great

gr.ta grotta: Cave

in costruz.e, in construzione: Under construction

in muratura: In stone

inf.e, inf.i inferior-e, -i : Lower

i., i.le, isol-a, -e: Isle, island, holm

i.to, i.ti, isolott-, -i: Islet; small island, holm, skerry

istmo: Isthmus

l., l.i lag-o, -hi: Lake, mere, water, lough

larici: Larch trees; firs use the same symbol on old IGM maps

limiti di stato, provincia, comune, bosco, coltura: Boundaries of state, province, commune, wood, agriculture.

magg.re, maggiore: Greater

m.io, migli-o-a: Mile (originally a 1000 double paces)

min.a, miniera: Mine

min.re, minor: Lower

m., m.ti, mont-e, -i: Mountain, large fell, pike

monumento notevole: Important monument.

mulattiera: Pack horse road

m.o, mulino: Mill

muri a calce: Lime walls

muri a secco e maceria: Drystone walls and rubble walls

muri di sostegno: Supporting walls, buttresses

naz.le, naz.li, nazional-e, -i: National

non perenne: Not in all seasons- non-perrenial water sources

olivi: Olive trees

0lmi: Elms; oaks use the same symbol on old IGM maps

palizzata o staccionata: Palissade or fence

palude: Fen, bog, mire, marsh

Passagio a livello: Level crossing on a railway

p.so, passo: Pass, dore (archaic)

penis.a, penisola: Peninsula

perenne: All the year round, perennial

per soli pedoni: Only on foot

p.co, picco: Peak, pike

Pini: Pine trees

pioppi: Poplar trees: symbol indicates Lombardy type poplar

pista: Track

p.te, p.ti, pont-e, -i: Bridge

Ponti: in muratura, di ferro, di legno: Bridges, stone, iron and wood.

pozzo: Well, water-source, keld

pozzo artesiano: Artesian well

pozzo cisterna: Well with cistern tank

pozzo con noria: Well drawn by mule or donkey?(guess here)

princ.le, princ.li, principal-e, -i: Principal; main

prom.o, promontorio: Cape, promontory, headland

prov.a, prov.e, Provinc-ia, -e,-ie: Province; district

p., punta: Cape, headland

punto e quota geodetica e topografica riferite al suolo: Spot height, and its metric height with reference to Point 0; which is called “ground level” here and this base line might not be the same as LWMMR in England (mean low water)

Querce: Oaks; elms use same symbol on old IGM maps

Rne., Regione: District. This can be very locally, a small valley, a hill side area

reticolato: Wire netting (of fence)

r., rio: Brook; river; stream, beck, burn, gill

Salici: Willow trees, osiers, withies

salto in conduttura: Jump in pipeline, perhaps this means break in pipeline.

S., San: Saint

S., SS. Sant-o, -a, -i, -e: Saint

sc.o, sc.i ,scogl-io, -i: reef; rock

scoperti: Literally “discovered”, perhaps visible, perhaps found?

sentero difficile: Arduous path

sentiero facile: Easy path

siepe: Hedge

sopraelevati: Raised (often of an aquaduct)

sotterranei: Underground (pl)

sottopassaggio: Underpass

sta.e, staz.i, stazion-e, -i: Station, halt

Strada di 1a cl.: First class road

Strada di 2a cl., Comunicazione principale: Principle route

Strada di 3a cl.: Ordinary road.

Strada di 4a cl. Non sempre praticabile: Not always passable.

Strada di 5s cl.: Is termed “Generalemente praticabile soltanto dai piccoli carti locali.”

str.to, str.ti strett-o -i: Canal; artificial waterway

sup.e, sup.i, superior-e, -i: Upper

su. viadatto: On a viaduct- (as an aerial aquaduct might be)

t., torrente: Hill stream, gill, beck, burn

traccia: Track

tranvai: Light railway, tramway

Tratturo, strada battuta dalle gregge: Herding path, drove road.

Valle, v.: Valley, dale, vale.

Via, v. : Road

viti: Vineyards, grapes, vines

 

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